White is located along U.S. Highway 411, 3 miles (5 km) north of Interstate 75. It is a bedroom community of Cartersville which is located 9 miles (14 km) to the south, but they are connected by a chain of homes and retail shops.
As of the census of 2000, there were 693 people, 258 households, and 197 families residing in the city. The population density was 764.8 people per square mile (294.0/km2). There were 274 housing units at an average density of 302.4 per square mile (116.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.81% White, 2.89% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.87% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% of the population.